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House Training Your Puppy

Bringing a new puppy into your home can be an exciting and rewarding experience. However, it also comes with its own set of challenges, one of which is house training. House training, also known as potty training, is the process of teaching your puppy where to go to the bathroom. It is an essential part of pet training, as it not only helps keep your home clean but also creates a good living environment for both you and your furry friend.

In this blog post, we will discuss the importance of house training, different methods you can choose from, setting a routine, using positive reinforcement, dealing with accidents, and the importance of patience and perseverance in the process. By the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of how to effectively house train your puppy and create a well-behaved and happy companion.

Importance of House Training

House training is crucial for several reasons. First and foremost, it helps prevent indoor accidents, which can be messy and unpleasant. A properly house-trained puppy knows exactly where to go when they need to relieve themselves, reducing the risk of urine or fecal stains on your floors or furniture. This not only makes your life easier but also keeps your home clean and hygienic.

Furthermore, house training also promotes good behavior in your puppy. As they learn to control their bladder and bowel movements, they become more disciplined and obedient. This, in turn, sets the foundation for future training and helps establish a strong bond between you and your pet. A well-trained puppy is also less likely to exhibit destructive behaviors, such as chewing on furniture or household items.

Choosing a Method

House Training Your Puppy

There are various methods you can choose from when it comes to house training your puppy. The most common ones include crate training, paper training, and the direct method.

Crate Training

Crate training involves using a crate or a small enclosed space as your puppy’s designated sleeping and resting area. Dogs have a natural instinct to keep their sleeping area clean, so this method relies on that instinct to teach them to hold their bladder until they are let outside.

To use this method, you will need to purchase or borrow a crate that is just big enough for your puppy to stand up, turn around, and lie down in comfortably. Place soft bedding inside the crate and encourage your puppy to explore it by placing treats or toys inside. Once your puppy is comfortable with the crate, you can start incorporating it into your house training routine.

Keep your puppy in the crate when you cannot supervise them, such as when you are at work or sleeping. Take them outside to their designated potty spot as soon as you let them out of the crate. This will teach them to associate going outside with relieving themselves. Gradually increase the time your puppy spends outside of the crate, always taking them outside after meals, playtime, and naps. With consistency and patience, your puppy will learn to hold their bladder and only relieve themselves outside.

Paper Training

Paper training involves teaching your puppy to go to the bathroom on a specific area covered with newspaper or puppy pads. This method is commonly used for puppies who do not have access to a yard or live in an apartment.

To use this method, designate a small area in your home for your puppy’s potty spot. Cover it with newspaper or puppy pads to absorb any messes. Encourage your puppy to use this spot by using a command, such as “go potty” every time you take them there. When your puppy successfully uses the designated spot, reward them with praise and treats. Gradually reduce the number of papers or pads until your puppy is only using one or two. Then, gradually move the designated spot closer to the door and eventually outside. This will teach your puppy to go to the bathroom outside, even though they are used to using a designated spot inside.

Direct Method

The direct method involves taking your puppy outside to their designated potty spot, waiting for them to relieve themselves, and then immediately bringing them back inside. This method requires patience and consistency, as you will need to take your puppy outside frequently throughout the day, especially after meals and naps.

Designate a specific door for your puppy to go in and out of when going to the bathroom. Every time you take your puppy outside, use a command such as “go potty” to let them know what is expected of them. When they successfully go to the bathroom outside, reward them with praise and treats. If your puppy does not go to the bathroom within 10-15 minutes, bring them back inside and try again in 10-15 minutes.

Setting a Routine

House Training Your Puppy

Creating a routine is vital for house training your puppy successfully. Puppies thrive on routine and predictability, so setting a schedule for feeding, playtime, and potty breaks can help them learn faster.

Firstly, it is essential to establish a regular feeding schedule for your puppy. This will not only help with their digestive system but also make it easier to predict when they will need to go to the bathroom. Most puppies will need to relieve themselves within 30 minutes of eating, so scheduling potty breaks after meals is crucial.

Secondly, set aside specific times for play and exercise. A tired puppy is more likely to nap and less likely to have accidents in the house. This is especially important during the house training process, as it reduces the risk of accidents while you are not supervising your puppy.

Lastly, make sure to schedule regular potty breaks throughout the day. This includes first thing in the morning, right before bedtime, and every few hours in between. As your puppy gets older and learns better bladder control, you can gradually increase the time between potty breaks. Consistency is key in establishing a routine that works for both you and your puppy.

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is a crucial aspect of house training your puppy. This involves rewarding good behavior with praise and treats, rather than punishing bad behavior. Puppies respond best to positive reinforcement, as it helps create a positive association with potty training and reinforces good habits.

Every time your puppy successfully goes to the bathroom outside, be sure to reward them with praise and treats. Use a command such as “good potty” to let them know they have done well. This will not only make your puppy happy but also encourage them to continue the behavior. It is important to be consistent with this method and avoid scolding or punishing your puppy for accidents. Punishing your puppy can lead to fear and anxiety, making them less likely to go to the bathroom in front of you and causing more accidents in the house.


Consistency is key when it comes to house training your puppy. As mentioned earlier, puppies thrive on routine and predictability, so it is essential to stick to a schedule and use the same commands and methods every time.

Consistency also applies to supervision. When first starting the house training process, it is crucial to keep a close eye on your puppy at all times. This includes using baby gates or closing doors to block off rooms where your puppy could potentially have an accident. Supervision also means being aware of your puppy’s body language and taking them outside immediately if you notice signs that they need to relieve themselves, such as sniffing around or circling.

It is also important to keep the designated potty spot the same throughout the house training process. This helps your puppy associate that specific spot with going to the bathroom, reducing confusion and accidents. As your puppy gets older and learns better bladder control, you can gradually expand the designated potty area.

Dealing with Accidents

Accidents will happen, even with the most diligent efforts in house training. It is important to remember that this is a learning process for your puppy and to avoid getting frustrated or angry when accidents occur.

When an accident happens, it is crucial to clean it up immediately. Use a pet-specific cleaner to remove any stains and odors, as puppies tend to return to the same spot if they can still smell their urine or feces. Avoid using ammonia-based cleaners, as they can smell similar to urine and may encourage your puppy to continue having accidents in that area.

Do not punish or scold your puppy for accidents. They do not understand why you are upset, and it can create fear and anxiety, making them more likely to have accidents in the future. Instead, use this as an opportunity to reinforce good potty habits by taking your puppy outside to the designated spot and rewarding them when they go to the bathroom there.

Patience and Perseverance

House training your puppy takes time, patience, and perseverance. Some puppies may grasp the concept quickly, while others may take weeks or even months to fully learn where to go to the bathroom. It is important to remain patient throughout the process and avoid getting discouraged.

Some puppies may also have setbacks, such as having accidents after not having any for a while. This is normal and does not mean your puppy is not learning. Continue with consistency and positive reinforcement, and your puppy will eventually get the hang of it.

Remember to be patient with yourself as well. House training can be a challenging and frustrating process, but with time and effort, your puppy will become a well-behaved and house-trained companion.


In conclusion, house training your puppy is an essential part of pet training and creates a cleaner and happier environment for both you and your furry friend. By understanding the different methods available, setting a routine, using positive reinforcement, and remaining patient and consistent, you can effectively house train your puppy and create a strong bond with your pet. Remember that every puppy is different and may learn at a different pace, so be patient and trust the process. With diligence and perseverance, your puppy will become a well-behaved and cherished member of your family.


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